A Local Perspective on Life in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

The New Year`s Decorations Go Up In Smoke at the DONDO-YAKI (どんど焼き) Bonfire on Saturday January 16th at the site of the ruins of the old Oda Castle in Tsukuba

A Dondo Yaki Bonfire on the banks of the Sakura River in Tsuchiura

Some drumming before the Dondo-Yaki fire got going- at the ruins of the Oda Castle, Oda Tsukuba (this year on Saturday the 16th)

Workers set up a huge frame for the DONDO YAKI pyre which will be lit on Saturday January 16th in Oda

By Avi Landau

In Tsukuba, when we want to get rid of any unneeded or unwanted stuff taking up space in our homes, it’s always necessary to consult the City`s GARBAGE SEPARATION MANUAL, which after much bewildered scrutinization might finally reveal when and where certain materials can be disposed of.

However, there are some items for which even that labyrinthine text provides no clue as to how they should be dealt with. For example, the festive decorations and other sacred objects that Japanese people, as a matter of pure common sense, would never simply throw into the garbage.

What is to be done with last year’s Daruma doll and the New Year’s shimenawa (sacred rope), kado-matsu ( a sort of Japanese Christmas tree in pairs) and other decorations? The Japanese do not need to have this information printed in the Trash Disposal Manual. It is natural for them to take such items to a shrine to be disposed of respectfully, or bring them to a ritual burning ceremony usually called DONDOYAKI ( どんど焼き)in this area (though it is variously called called sagicho- 左儀長, dosojin-yaki, sankuroyaki, onpe, etc. in other parts of Japan).

Burning the New Year`s decorations in Kyoto is called SAGICHO- a name which derives from an old O-Shogatsu game

Traditionally, New Years Decorations and other sacred items have been burned at shrines ( or other set locations) throughout Japan on January 14th or 15th. It has been ( and still is) considered VERY lucky and healthy to eat mochi rice cakes which have been roasted in these fires.

Since it was believed that at New Years the gods would descend, attracted to these sacred ropes, bamboos and paper etc., it was at the dondoyaki ceremonies these these spirits were thought to return, along with the smoke, to the heavens.

It is when watching the decorations go up in smoke, warmed by the large bon-fire on what is certainly a very cold January day that the Japanese have the sense that the O-Shogatsu ( New Year`s) period is over.

I have also heard that practitioners of Japanese calligraphy (shodo), take their first works of the year ( kakizome), and put them into the pyres. If these works ascend high into the sky with the smoke, it is a sign that their skill will RISE this year.

On Saturday (the 16th), many people with  items (straw, wood or paper) that need to be disposed of with respect will attend the big dondoyaki bash held every year near the site of the old Oda Castle.

Don’t put any plastic, ceramic or metal objects in the fire.

See you there (at the Oda Castle ruins)! It should be quite a spectacle with the huge bonfire and lots of people roasting rice cakes on the tips of long bamboo poles!


Like airport security, the city office staff sifts carefully through everything that has been brought to be burned. In fact Tsuchiura City became so worried about burning plastics that they decided to stop holding this Dondo yaki event as of 2018!

Like airport security, the city office staff sifts carefully through everything that has been brought to be burned

Before the actual DONDOYAKI gets underway, people grill their KAGAMI-MOCHI (sacred New Year`s rice cakes) and sweet potatoes as well. Lots of people gather round the grill to keep warm!




Looking closely into the pyre you can see HAMAYA (Lucky Arrows) and SHIMENAWA ( sacred rope) etc.

Starting the blaze!


People ready with long bamboo poles for roasting MOCHI rice cakes

Pink and white rice cakes dangling on the tips of bamboo poles

You can get to Oda by taking the Tsuku-bus Oda Shuttle, or by bicycle- as the site of the old castle (nothing of the structure now remains) lies along the RINRIN road cycling path. If you go by car, you can go straight down Nishi Odori and keep going straight even when you pass the intersection where you meet higashi Odori (where the McDonalds is). You will then go down a slope and come to a bridge which passes over the Sakura River. Soon you will see a sign (after the first light) which indicates that you should turn left to Oda Castle (小田城跡).

Though nothing very much remains of this castle, and the neighborhood itself is one of the quietest in all of Tsukuba (which is not very lively in anyway) this area was between the beginning of the Kamakura Shogunate (1185) to the beginning of the Edo Period (1600) the most important military, cultural and religious center in the whole region. Oda Castle was the ONLY castle in the whole of Japan which was ruled by the same family throughout that entire period. There was not only a great castle- with about 40 satellite castles spread out over the region in its heyday- but there were also several great temples on the low mountains to the east of the fortress. Most of these have disappeared without a trace (except for To-jo-ji- which is well worth a visit).

An outstanding point of interest in Oda`s history is that during the Kamakura Period the aristocrat,  scholar, and imperial advisor Kitabatake Chikafusa (北畠親房) took refuge at Oda Castle for three years (during the dispute between Japan`s Northern and Southern Courts (1336-1392). It was there ( yes, in what is now Oda, in Tsukuba City) that he wrote his highly influential treatise- the JINNO-SHO-TO-KI  in which he asserted something which many later would repeat- that Japan is the Land of the Gods, since it had been ruled since time immemorial by the same imperial family.

Also interesting is the fact that Ninsho (1217-1303), an eminent priest of the Ritsu Sect of Buddhism stayed for ten years at the Gokuraji Temple  which once stood on the mountain behind Oda Castle. The Ritsu Sect stressed good works, social welfare and caring for the sick, the poor and the invalid, and one of the most interesting sights you encounter when hiking Mt. Hokkyo is the YU JIZO, a large statue a Jizo said to have been erected to bring solace to those suffering from leprosy.

Three years ago (2018) marked the 800th year since Ninsho`s birth in what is now Nara Prefecture. To commemorate his birthday a bronze statue of him helping aiding the sick was unveiled on top of Mt. Hokkyo on November 17.

The so-called YU JIZO which stands along one of the hiking paths on Mt . Hokkyo. While the present sign-board states only that it is worshipped by women praying for easy-childbirth, it was in fact connected to the Ritsu Sect and the caring for patients suffering from leprosy.

The so-called YU JIZO which stands along one of the hiking paths on Mt . Hokkyo. While the present-day sign-board states only that it was worshiped by women praying for easy-childbirth, it was in fact connected to the Ritsu Sect (propagated in this area by the great priest Ninsho (1217-1303) in the Kamakura Period) and the caring for patients suffering from leprosy.

I have posted more pictures of Oda here.



  • […] Tsuku Blog – Avi explains what happens at a dondoyaki (どんど焼き) bonfire ceremony. […]

  • Makarova says:

    Hi, Landau-san!
    I was at Oda today and was told that the fire will be only January 19th, a week later

  • Avi Landau says:

    Thank you, Marakova-San! I was there , too and was shocked to find that the event will not be held until next Saturday!
    I got the date from the TRADITIONAL EVENTS IN AND AROUND TSUKUBA website. I thought it must be correct because last year it was on the 14TH (the second weekend of the year).
    It just goes to show that i have to check and reconfirm every schedule that I post.


    and hope to see you soon!

  • Makarova says:

    Thank you! I also looked at Tsukuba traditional events site, so I went there. I also missed Sakuragawa Dondoyaki fire, because it was listed there as Sunday 13th, not 12th, as you told. Maybe it is because year 2012 was exceptional and had 366 days. For me it would be better to keep New Year decorations till 14th which is Old New Year in Russia from 13 to 14 and is usually the last day of celebrations.

    Thank you very much, and also hope to see you soon!

  • Avi says:

    It is with surprise and sadness that I have to announce that Tsuchiura`s
    annual DONDO YAKI by the Sakura River has been permanantly cancelled! The reason seems to be the fact that too much of what was being brought to the bon-fire was plastic – which would release dioxins into the air!

    Considering the number of farmers in this area who burn their trash (including plastics) outside every day, the DONDO YAKI fire, burning for a few minutes once a year hardly affects the environment!

    A curious decision by the city – if they are so worried about the environment why don`t they order the nets around
    lake Kasumigaura (the ones put in place to ostensibly protect the lotus root fields) to be taken down? Thousands of wild birds are entangled in them every year and left hanging there to starve.

  • Dondo Yaki at MIZUHO (farmers' market) says:

    Apparently there will be a DONDO YAKI event tomorrow, January 17, 2021, at the farmers-market-type green-grocer called MIZUHO, located in Yagihashi, Tsukuba (near the Expo Park) 10:00-2:00.
    Mizuho is quite famous because the man who established it has written some books and the store has been featured on TV several times. You can almost always see a taxi or two with Tokyo plates, parked outside waiting for their wealthy fares to finish their grocery shopping and take them back to Tokyo.
    I’ve never heard of them holding a DONDO YAKI before, but I have been to some rice-cake pounding (mochi-tsuki) events there – and they were lots of fun!
    Even if you are not that interested in the DONDO YAKI its worthwhile checking out the store for its first rate Ibaraki vegetables, fruits, rice, flowers, shrubbery, etc. There is also a soba restaurant on the grounds – a big old farmhouse – and that is worth trying at least once, too (though its more expensive than most other soba shops in the area)- for the beautiful interior, if not for anything else.