- About 200 of the 400 types of mushrooms which grow wild within the Tsukuba City limits- laid out on a table at the Tsukuba Botanical Garden (through Oct. 28th). The large white blob you can see is an ONIFUBE which can grow to be up to one meter in diameter
By Avi Landau
Being a heavilly forested country with several climatic regions, Japan is very rich in mushrooms- with approximately 4000 identified species and many more yet to be named. Each autumn the amazing bounty of this country`s fungi can be encountered at supermarkets, at the table, and ESPECIALLY( because most species are not eaten)- IN THE WOODS!
Coming in so many different shapes, colors, and sizes, the discovery of certain unusual mushrooms can often be the highlight of an autumn hike ( or stroll).
Of course, this holds true in the Tsukuba area, as well, where about 400 different mushroom species grow in the wild.
If you have a chance to make it to Tsukuba`s excellent botanical garden by Oct 28th, you will be able to encounter more than half of these species ( about 200) freshly gathered and laid out on a table as part of a special mushroon exhibition (KINOKO TEN, きのこ展), which opened on the 21st of this month and will close this coming Sunday evening.
This amazing FESTIVAL OF FUNGI on display just outside the gardens front-office building is especially interesting for its labelling system which indicates whether species are edible or poisonous, and if poisonous, to what degree ( the angel mark indicates deadly mushrooms- of which there are several species which grow wild in the Tsukuba area!). You will realize from the sometimes close resemblance between the most poisonous mushrooms and those most commonly eaten- that you should NEVER trust your own judgement about whether a mushroom that you find yourself in the woods is safe to eat.
All this amazing variety can be touched, handled and smelled to your heart`s content .
On weekdays a mushroom specialist ( mycologist) will give a little talk about the Tsukuba mushrooms at noon, while on the weekend this will take place twice ( at 11:00 and 1:00).
After discussing some of the more interesting specimens on the table, the researcher will then take you on a walk through the garden in search of mushroom growing wild on the grounds.
Before you get to the amazing Table of Local Mushrooms you will pass through the main display of the exhibition which explains various aspects of some of nature`s most mysterious organisms ( though the texts are in Japanese only).
Entrance to the Botanical Garden costs 300 Yen, though I would recommend buying a one year pass for 1,000 Yen which allows for unlimited free entry for a period of one year. Since this pass will also get you into the National Science Museum in Ueno for free, I consider it to be one of the best bargains available to nature lovers in Tsukuba ( just ask the front desk clerk for a REEPEETAZ PASS - リピーターズパス).
And for those interested in some more on interesting mushroom encounters in Tsukuba you can read about my own face to face with the stinkhorn PHALLUS IMPUDICUS here:
This marking system is used to classify the local mushrooms displayed on the table outside.
Here is a key to the symbols:
The green character- EDIBLE
The red character- UNSURE
The purple character in the white background- EDIBLE BUT NOT TASTY
The purple in the yellow- EDIBLE IN SMALL QUANTITIES
The yellow character with lightning in the tummy- WILL CAUSE STOMACH OR BREATHING TROUBLE
The Yellow character with the swirls around its head- A HALLUCINAGENIC
The black angel- CERTAIN DEATH