A Local Perspective on Life in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

One of Japan`s GREATEST Fireworks Events- The Tsuchiura Hanabi Taikai- Will Be Held This Coming Saturday Night- Here is it`s surprising history

The Jinryu-Ji Temple in Tsuchiura
By Avi Landau

Jinryu-Ji (神龍寺), in Tsuchiura, is a Soto Sect Zen Temple which was founded in 1530. Within its precincts stands a memorial stone dedicated to consoling the spirits of pilots who lost their lives training on, over, and around Lake Kasumigaura, along whose shores once lay the Naval-Air Force, and later the YOKAREN (予科練) flight training schools. In the early years of aviation, accidents took a heavy toll on student (and experienced) pilots.

In 1925 (Taisho 14), Jinryu-Ji`s priest Akimoto Baiho’s dream of holding a national fireworks competition became a reality. He had been pushing this idea as a stimulus to revive the sluggish local economy AND as a tribute and consolation to all these fallen pilots (remember, this is LONG before WWII).

Considering this proposed purpose, it is surprising that the competition is held NOT by the lake, but along the Sakura River. This might be because, traditionally, the great fireworks events of Japan have been associated with rivers, especially the great Sumida River event (in Tokyo) which has been held almost every year since 1733.

Except for a pause during the war years, the Tsuchiura Fireworks Competition has been taking place every year(since 1925) and it seems to be getting more and more popular with each coming year. One reason for this is that most fireworks events in Japan are held in summer, while this one is in autumn. Thus there are no similar events(in summer there are thousands!) to compete with. Of course, there is also the quality of the event. Each year, fireworks fans can get a glimpse of each master’s latest creation. It is a two hour state-of-the-art HANABI extravaganza, and the pyrotechnist who takes first place has received the highest honor in his field.

Hanabi, literally means FIRE-FLOWERS, and in Japan that is traditionally what you got: whiiiiiiiiiiiiish- POW -cherry blossom, whiiiiiiiish-POW- chrysanthemum, whiiiiiiiiiish-POW- plum blossom.The connection with blossoms is strong. In fact, fireworks viewing is considered by many Japanese to be a LIFE-CYCLE MARKER, along with cherry blossom viewing. By that I mean that many Japanese, every year of their lives, from childhood through old age experience these seasonal VIEWING EVENTS. In this way they measure the years as they pass by.

Fireworks are also linked to cherry blossoms in that they both burst out in a fleeting moment of beauty which quickly fades away, symbolizing MUJO (the ephemeral nature of all things). In recent years, however, with the popularity of star mines, the competition has started reminding me more of the BIGNESS of an American 4th of July style firework bombardment. A barrage, as opposed to the dainty and delicate HANABI of the past.

It is interesting to note that as part of the mysterious way culture flows through the world over the ages, fireworks, now linked so stongly with traditional Japanese culture were actually introduced to Japan by Europeans. The Portuguese brought them here in the 1500s along with Western firearms. The first recorded instance of a HANABI event took place in 1613 and was sponsored by Tokugawa Ieyasu himself.

Today I went to check out the preparations for this weekend’s festivities. Laborers (including women and children!!!!) were hard at work putting up unsightly plywood boards to prevent viewers from crowding the bridge or occupying any roadside knolls. Things look very bad indeed, but they say it’s safer this way. The reserved seats (sajiki) have been set up, but alas, the weather forecast is not very favorable ( the festivities could very well be postponed for a week).

If extremely crowded and noisy conditions are not your thing, you might want to enjoy the event from afar (as so many Tsukubans do). One place I would recommend for that is the Kamitakatsu Shell Mound Park. There on the expansive lawn you can spread your legs, picnic, and enjoy the occasional firework that emerges from behind the trees. There is usually some good music to be heard there too.

Of course if you dont get up close you cant experience the pungent smell of the powder and the tumbling ash,

See you there!

Here is a report on last years Hanabi Taikai:


and some more things Ive written about this season in Tsukuba:





  • Mamoru Shimizu says:

    The most memorable Hanabi festival for me was held 50 years ago, an local Hanabi festival held in a very small town Kamikawa-cyo just north of Mt. Daisetsu in Hokkaido. Before each Hanabis there were announcements which shop sponsored:like “Next big Hanabi is sponsored by the Tiny flower shop of Hanako-san” and so on. There were4-5 minutes intervals between Hanabis. It was very slow Hanabing. I remembered the occasion so well even I saw so many hanabi-festival since then. It was so small and quiet town in beautiful mountain area and after memorable 10 days trekking of northern mountains. It has been waking up my nostalgia
    Tsuchiura Hanabi festival, by the good article of Avi-san I first knew its origin. Thanks. I once saw it up just above my head more than 20 yeas ago, recently just go near field of my house and watched several minutes of them very far 8 km distant.
    I don’ t want to be in crowded place, so if weather is good this year I would like try to visit Shimotakatsu-park as Avi-san suggested by 40 minutes bicycle-ride for fun and exercise.
    I learned that gunpowder was originated in China in 9th century, delivered to western world during Činggis Qan’s campaign in 13 century.

  • Avi Landau says:

    Since I have moved, and now live much closer to Mt. Tsukuba than to Tsuchiura, I decided, for a change, to try to watch this year`s fireworks event from high up on the mountain. All I can say is that it certainly was a different kind of experience- the fireworks themselves were small and distant, the explosions hardly audible, and no small of smoke. I t was also COLD up there.
    The most memorable thing about that night was that on the drive back home we saw a wild boar (inoshishi) crossing the road.
    It was the first time in all my years in Japan to catch sight of a wild boar IN THE WILD.

    But since boar can probably be seen on any given night ( with enough liuck), I would have to admit that going up the mountain on the night of the HANABI was a mistake ( though certainly a different perspective).
    Next year I will be back by the river, hopefully with a reserved space ( saijiki)- surely the best way to enjoy the event.