On the morning of January 26th 2013 the grass in front of the reconstructed buildings of the HIRASAWA KANGA was burned- except for a few patches which spelled the word KOKORO (heart, or sprirt)
By Avi Landau
The local farmers tell me that in the morning hours there is LITTLE WIND during Tsukuba`s winter season- which is usually the windiest time of year here. I guess that that is the why the SHIBA YAKI (芝焼き) grass burning ceremony held in front of the HIRASAWA KANGA ISEKI- a beautiful reconstruction of official Nara and Heain Period Storehouses in Tsukuba`s Hojo district, is scheduled for an early 9 AM start on a Saturday morning (though the burning did not actually get underway until 10!): the calmer conditions help keep the fires from getting out of hand.
The Hirasawa Kanga site with the twin peaks of Mt. Tsukuba in background (The grass-burning ceremony will be held tomorrow January 31st)
The HIRASAWA KANGA enveloped in the smoke created by the burning grass on the day of the SHIBA YAKI (芝焼き)
It was a beautiful, crisp morning- with blue skies as far as the eye could see. On any day, the the site of the old KANGA (government offices) is one of the most impressive in all of Tsukuba City. And when the weather is as perfect as it was, it is even more special.
So it seemed a bit odd (and ridiculous) when the sixty or so of us who had gathered there for the event were soon engulfed in a thick shroud of smoke!
What we were waiting for, however, would be revealed when the grass fires finally died out and the smoke cleared away- a word, specially selected for this year- which was left on the slope (by outlining the letters in lime).
This year the word was KOKORO (こころ)- heart or spirit, and it replaced last year`s KIZUNA (きずな)- the ties that bind.
In what seemed to be no time at all the fires- lit on both sides converged on the center
Why burn the grass at all ? I guess in a way you can say that the custom is a throwback, a reminder of the days when thrashing and burning was the way agricultural fields were prepared. Even when farming techniques became more advanced it remained the habit (and still is) of farmers to burn away what was leftover of last year`s vegetation and agricutural waste in and around the fields. Not only did this clear the field for fresh growth, it also killed the eggs and larvae of pests and the ash could be used as a soil enriching fertilizer.
And why burn the grass in a non-agricultural space? Well, in Japan one of the most difficult things to deal with- if you have a house with a garden- is the overwhelming power of the summer greenery. The plants overwhelm everything- and quickly- if you don`t take firm control of the situation. Haven`t you ever wondered why Japanese Zen Priests filled there gardens with sand and stones? It stops the weeds from growing- and decreases the number of insects! Burning the winter grass was another way of reducing the amount of weeds and insects to be dealt with in summer. It became an important pre- or early spring rite. In some places, such as the Korakuen Garden in Okayama City or Akiyoshidai in Yamaguchi Prefectire, annual SHIBA YAKI (grass burning) events have become major tourist attractions (while here in Hojo, Tsukuba, it has not yet caught on very much)
Still I`m sure you don`t feel very bad about having missed all this excitement. And you shouldn`t. Thats because the word (KOKORO) will stay emblazoned there for a long, long while and you can appreciate it anytime you happen to head out to Hojo to admire the reconstructed buildings and the rustic setting of the HIRASAWA NO KANGA- something that you probably should sometime during your stay in Tsukuba.
With blow-torches, the staff works on the bits that did not burn well- and eventually created the word KOKORO in the scorched earth
January 26th 2013- setting the grass on fire at the HIRASAWA KANGA SITE
Burning the grass near a temple in Nara Prefecture
HISTORY OF THE HIRASAWA KANGA (HIRASAWA GOVERMNENT OFFICE) HISTORICAL SITE
Way back in 1975, while carrying out a routine archaeological survey before the construction of a planned housing development, it became obvious that there was had once been a set of very large structures at the site. This was evident from the presence of foundation stones, which gave a clear picture of the layout of the buildings- which exhibited a size and design rarely found among Japanese ruins.
In 1980, the site was declared a National Historical Monument (国史跡).
Between 1993 and 1994 a project was set up to study the ruins and then reconstruct the buildings. The specialists who were part of the study determined that the buildings were governmnet offices- established more than a thousand years ago. Their shape and size amd the few other artifacts found in the area, led it to be assumed that they were STOREHOUSES, probably to gather the taxes in. At that time these were paid mostly in rice or woven cloth.
The actual recreation of the three buildings began in 1996 and the work took six years.
Now the site has become (as I have already said) one of the most impressive in Tsukuba and it is a great place to relax, have a stroll, a catch, fly a kite, play with the kids…… or just contemplate the past.
The site as seen from the air while it was being excavated
The reconstructed HIRASAWA NO KANGA (official storehouses in the Nara and Heian Periods) lightly blanketed in snow
Burning the fields (NOYAKI) in Nakano, Tsukuba -Feb. 2nd 2013